On February 20, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced its preliminary determination to regulate perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). The preliminary determination marks an important step in setting maximum contaminant levels (MCL) for PFOS and PFOA.

EPA’s preliminary regulatory determination is required by the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). Under the SDWA, EPA must publish a list of contaminants, the Contaminant Candidate List (CCL), that are not subject to an MCL every five years.1 EPA must then decide whether to regulate at least five of the contaminants on the CCL.2 To make a determination to regulate (i.e., a positive determination), EPA must find that: (1) consumption of the contaminant may result in adverse health effects; (2) the contaminant has been found in public water systems with a frequency and at levels to raise public health concerns; and (3) regulation of the contaminant presents a meaningful opportunity to reduce associated health risks.3
Continue Reading EPA Announces Preliminary Determination to Regulate PFOS and PFOA

Public Service Commission Resets Retail Energy Marketplace:
All ESCOs Required to Re-Register Under New Rules and Completely Revise Product Offerings

On December 12, 2019, the New York State Public Service Commission (“Commission”) voted to reset the retail energy marketplace by requiring all Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) to re-register for eligibility to serve customers. While the final order remains to be issued, the Department of Public Service (DPS) explained that as part of the re-registration process, it will subject each ESCO to new eligibility requirements and require all ESCOs to modify their product offerings to fit one of four categories.
Continue Reading Reset 2.0?

New York State is quickly ramping up its regulation of chemicals as it relates to consumer products. First, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (“DEC”) promulgated new regulations last year, known as the Household Cleansing Product Information Disclosure Program (“Program”), that will be effective starting October 2, 2019. The Program will, among other things, require manufacturers to disclose on their website the ingredients of household cleansing products that are “distributed, sold, or offered for sale” in New York State, and “the nature and extent” of any research and investigations on the ingredients’ effects on human health and the environment.
Continue Reading New York Ramping Up Oversight of Chemical Substances in Consumer Products

Section 401 of the Clean Water Act (“CWA”) provides states and tribes with a mechanism by which they may address the impacts of federally issued permits and licenses, such as dredge and fill permits issued under CWA § 404 and National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits under § 402. Pursuant to § 401, a federal agency cannot issue a permit or license for an activity that may result in a discharge to a water of the U.S. unless the state (where the discharge would occur) grants or waives the request for a Water Quality Certification (“WQC”). Under the CWA, states have a maximum of one year to act on WQC requests. Applicable U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (“USACE”) regulations at 33 CFR § 325.2, however, set a default time period of 60 days to act on such requests.
Continue Reading Major Acceleration in Time Frame to Act on Water Quality Certification Requests

Earlier this month, the Fifth Circuit held that sovereign immunity protected a number of state agencies and universities from Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (“CERCLA”) liability. Generally stated, sovereign immunity is a legal doctrine that prohibits private individuals from bringing civil lawsuits or criminal prosecutions against the state. State immunity from lawsuits is provided by the Eleventh Amendment, while the Supreme Court has established a similar rule for suits against the federal government. Sovereign immunity is not absolute, of course. The states and federal government may waive immunity or consent to the lawsuit.
Continue Reading Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals Holds Sovereign Immunity Bars CERCLA Action Against State Agencies and Universities

On August 21, 2018, the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) proposed a new rule which would replace the Obama-era Clean Power Plan (“CPP”) and establish new emissions guidelines for states to address greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions from electric-generating power plants. As background, the CPP was stayed by the Supreme Court in a 5-4 decision in February of 2016 before the rule ever went into effect. More recently, in October 2017, the EPA announced its intention to effectively repeal the CPP because it “exceeded” the EPA’s authority. Now, the EPA is proposing to enact the Affordable Clean Energy rule (“ACE Rule”) to reduce GHGs while giving states more flexibility to achieve that goal.
Continue Reading EPA Proposes to Replace Clean Power Plan with Affordable Clean Energy Rule

Last Thursday, Basil Seggos, the Commissioner of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (“NYSDEC”) announced the first major update to New York’s State Environmental Quality Review Act (“SEQRA”) regulations in over 20 years. SEQRA establishes a process to systematically consider environmental factors early in the planning stages of actions that are directly undertaken, funded or approved by local or state agencies. Seggos believes the updates will “streamline the environmental review process and encourage sustainable development and renewable energy development without sacrificing SEQRA’s integrity or the environmental protection it affords.”
Continue Reading New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Announces the Adoption of Revisions to the Regulations that Implement the State Environmental Quality Review Act

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (“DEC”) recently issued an enforcement discretion letter stating that it will exercise its enforcement authority with respect to certain provisions of the recently revised Solid Waste Management Program. As we previously reported, the final version of the comprehensive revisions, codified in Title 6 of New York Compilation of Codes, Rules and Regulations (“6 NYCRR”), took effect in November 2017.
Continue Reading DEC to Exercise Enforcement Discretion over Problematic Part 360 Provisions